Archive for July, 2013

Governor Chris Christie addresses members of the press in NJ

Thursday, July 18th, 2013

Toms River Police Department

Ocean County NJ

07172013Governor Chris Christie addresses members of the press and a small group of select invitees about disaster recovery funding for essential services in the region.  Federal funds became available to help offset the potential 30%-40% property tax increases which would be necessary for the townships in the area to continue providing school, public works, and emergency services at currently funded levels. The tax base has been reduced due to the Hurricane Sandy damage to homes and businesses in the area.  This government assistance is designed to help reduce additional hardships to the affected areas by maintaining needed essential services.  Lance Eisen, the Executive Director of the NORMIPro Environmental TASC Force was present at the briefing. He said, “It was good to hear that positive events like these were occurring in the affected areas. There is much education and work to be done.  However, this kind of funding a very good start and we are proud to be a part of the solution.” 

 

The Governor continued to address the press and the invitees about several other regional and state issues.

Bleach Does Not Kill Mold

Wednesday, July 17th, 2013

mold

Mold Growth on a Wall

What should you do if you have a mold problem in your home? Many homeowners and experts alike would suggest treating the area with diluted bleach (active ingredient sodium hpochlorite). However, there is one problem with this suggestion. Bleach does not kill mold. The idea that bleach kills mold is one of the most common misconceptions encountered here at NORMI. Bleach is a powerful oxidizer, and can sanitize surfaces covered in certain kinds of bacteria. However, it is not the product to use on surfaces covered in mold.

We first noticed a problem while working with roofers to kill mold growing on shingles. We used a combination of surfactants, detergents, and bleach to lightly spray on the roof. It worked very well initially, but we found that the mold grew back within two years.

Since then, the “Journal of Forest Products” commissioned a study by Oregon State University on the efficacy of bleach on mold. They found that the stains caused by the mold will disappear, but the microflora remains. Essentially, the unsightly discoloration is gone, but if the surface has enough moisture and organic material the mold will be able to grow back in larger qualities than before. This is the reason why that same mold spot keeps appearing in your shower, no matter how many times you clean it off.

NORMI recommends using green technologies like natural enzyme cleaners instead. When you use the right kind of anti-microbial, the mold and the underlying bio-slime will be removed permanently. As an added bonus, you and your household won’t be exposed to the dangerous fumes from bleach.

REPRINT–“Pollution, Lung Cancer Link Grow Stronger”

Wednesday, July 10th, 2013

Published: Jul 9, 2013
By Charles Bankhead, Staff Writer, MedPage Today
Reviewed by Robert Jasmer, MD; Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco

Action Points

Long-term exposure even to low-level air pollution may increase the risk of lung cancer and adenocarcinoma in particular.
Point out that analyses related to traffic intensity on the nearest street, increased road traffic in proximity to residence, and nitrogen oxide concentrations showed no significant associations with lung cancer.

Long-term exposure even to low-level air pollution may increase the risk of lung cancer, particularly adenocarcinoma, an analysis of 17 European studies suggested.

Ambient air concentrations of particulate matter <10 micrometers and <2.5 micrometers had statistically significant associations with adenocarcinoma of the lung, the most common lung cancer histology. Both types of air pollution were associated with >50% increased risk of lung adenocarcinoma, reported Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, PhD, of the Danish Cancer Society Research Center in Copenhagen, and colleagues.

Concentrations of particulate matter <10 micrometers also had a significant association with any lung cancer, they wrote online in The Lancet Oncology. "This very large multicenter study shows an association between exposure to particulate matter air pollution and the incidence of lung cancer, in particular adenocarcinoma, in Europe, adding substantially to the weight of the epidemiological evidence," Raaschou-Nielsen's group concluded. "The cohort-specific analyses consistently identified smoking-related variables as the most important confounders, in accordance with the fact that smoking is the most important risk factor for lung cancer," they noted. "Information about smoking variables was available for all the cohorts, and we would expect only weak confounding, if any, from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke." Multiple studies have implicated ambient air pollution as a potential cause of lung cancer. Lung cancer incidence has stabilized in recent years in most developed countries, but major shifts in histologic subtypes have occurred, the authors noted. Specifically, the incidence of adenocarcinoma has increased substantially, accompanied by substantial decline in the incidence of squamous-cell carcinomas. Of note, adenocarcinoma accounts for a majority of lung cancer cases among smokers and nonsmokers. The European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE) maintains data from 17 European cohort studies that have investigated associations between various levels of air pollution and lung cancer. Raaschou-Nielsen and colleagues analyzed ESCAPE data to address three hypotheses: Ambient air pollution at the residence is associated with lung cancer risk Air pollution has a stronger association with lung cancer among nonsmokers and people with low fruit intake The association is stronger for adenocarcinoma and squamous-cell carcinoma than for all lung cancers combined The primary outcome was all lung cancer, and key secondary outcomes pertained to adenocarcinomas and squamous-cell carcinomas. The 17 studies comprised cohorts representing 12 cities and nine countries. Investigators analyzed data for each cohort, and cohort-specific estimated effects were combined by meta-analysis. Exposure estimates were derived from land-use regression models. The land-use models included particulate matter <10 micrometers, <2.5 micrometers, 2.5 to 10 micrometers, soot, nitrogen oxides, and two traffic indicators. The overall analysis comprised 312,944 study participants and about 4.1 million person-years at risk. During a mean follow-up of 12.8 years, 2,095 cases of lung cancer were diagnosed. The meta-analyses showed a significant association between lung cancer and particulate matter <10 micrometers, represented by a hazard ratio of 1.22 (95% CI 1.03-1.45 per 10 micrometers/m3). An HR hazard ratio of 1.18 for particulate matter <2.5 micrometers did not achieve significance (95% CI 0.96-1.46 per 5 micrometers/m3). Analyses of associations between air pollution and adenocarcinoma lung cancer showed significant associations for particulate matter <10 micrometers (HR 1.51, 95% CI 1.10-2.08) and <2.5 micrometers (HR 1.55, 95% CI 1.05-2.29). Associations were strongest for participants who resided at the same address for longer periods of time. Analyses related to traffic intensity on the nearest street, increased road traffic in proximity to residence, and nitrogen oxide concentrations showed no significant associations with lung cancer. The author of an invited commentary credited the investigators with designing and performing a study that "is sophisticated and overcame several limitations of previous air pollution studies." Nonetheless, Takashi Yorifuji, MD, PhD, of Okayama University, and Saori Kashima, PhD, of Hiroshima University, both in Japan, lamented the lack of recognition of air pollution as a contributing factor in lung cancer. For example, the 18th edition (2012) of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine excluded air pollution from a list of lung cancer risks. "Although smoking is undoubtedly a strong risk factor, evidence for an association between air pollution exposure and lung cancer is also accumulating," Yorifuji and Kashima said. "Although the lung cancer risk associated with air pollution is much lower than that associated with smoking, everybody is exposed to air pollution. Thus, the public health effect is quite large." "At this stage, we might have to add air pollution, even at current concentrations, to the list of causes of lung cancer and recognize that air pollution has large effects on public health, although fortunately, like tobacco smoking, it is a controllable factor," they added. For more information on how to combat indoor air pollution, contact NORMI at support@normi.org or call 877.251.2296 CLICK ON "Participate in our Survey" to take FREE IAQ survey of your home.